The problem of hair-fall is a major problem among both men and women. Hair loss is also known by its scientific name alopecia, which can affect the scalp or the entire body and be temporary or permanent. The hair loss problem can be due to health issues such as PCOS and menopause in women, and drastic changes in the lifestyle can be the reason behind hair fall. However, if treated properly, this problem can be solved by following some home remedies. Home remedies such as drinking green tea, beetroot juice, eating Greek yogurt and honey can be considered as a solution to treat hair fall to some extent. But for long-term purposes, medical treatments are required to treat the problem of hair fall. Also, hair straightening and keratin procedures can increase the risk of hair fall if done without consulting a Trichologist. The following are the effective anti-hair fall treatments recommended by dermatologists.
Low-Level Laser hair therapy
Low-level laser hair therapy is a time-tested technique in the field of dermatology that vitalizes hair follicles to enter the growth phase from dormancy and prolongs the growth phase of the hair. It is also very successful in averting the premature aging of the follicle and increasing the hair’s strength, improving the anchoring of hair filaments. The technique is also called an office time procedure as it can be conducted very quickly. It is both nonintensive and painless. And when done under the guidance of an expert, the treatment shows results within 12-26 weeks with reduced hair fall and noticeable hair growth.
Mesotherapy is effective for improving skin quality, but this non-invasive procedure also helps in preventing hair fall. It utilizes the conjunction of enzymes and nutrients injected in the area of the scalp with minimal hair. The procedure is very effective and takes about 35-40 minutes to get finished.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) and Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF)
PRP and PRF are two popular procedures to cure female and male pattern hair loss. While PRP is the traditional method, PRF is classified to be the advanced version or second-generation PRP.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) takes platelets from your blood. These platelets are enriched by a range of growth factors, namely chemokines, cytokines, and other plasma proteins. These growth components help activate and proliferate stem cells, thus improving hair growth and preventing hair loss. PRP also tonics the blood flow, which in turn enhances the diameter of the hair follicle. The treatment also improves the quality of the hair fiber and reduces dry and frizzy hair.
On the other hand, PRF applies platelets along with its natural scaffold of fibrin and fibrinogen matrix. Research has found this procedure can be very effective than traditional platelet-rich plasma.
In hair transplant surgery, a Dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon removes hair from the part of the head that has hair and transplants it to a bald spot. Each patch of hair has one to several hairs (micrografts and mini grafts). Sometimes, a larger portion of skin comprising of multiple hair groupings is taken. This process does not need hospitalization, but it can be often painful, so sedative is given to the patient to ease the discomfort. There are also few risks associated with this surgery, such as bleeding, bruising, swelling, and infection. The patient sometimes might need one more surgery to get the proper effect.
The doctors recommend hormone therapy if hormone imbalance occurs due to menopause, PCOs which result in hair fall. Hormone replacement therapy is related to estrogen or progesterone. This treatment involves the prescription of antiandrogen medicines, such as spironolactone. Androgens are hormones that can increase hair loss in some women, specifically those with polycystic ovary syndrome who produce more androgens. Antiandrogens can restrict the production of androgens and stop hair fall. These medications might have side effects, so it is better to talk to a doctor regarding the suitability of androgens.
Follicular unit transplantations (FUT)
Follicular unit transplantations are one of the classic methods to treat hair loss. It requires removing some from the back of the scalp where there is an abundance of hair, removing the follicles from that strip of skin—then reinserting the hair follicles into the part of the scalp where the hair loss is occurring.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers Minoxidil to solve the problem of hair loss. It is sold under the name Rogaine and other generic brands, and people can buy tropical Minoxidil over the counter. Minoxidil is recommended for both males and women for its benefit in curing hair loss. Minoxidil vitalizes growth in the hairs and may increase the growth cycle. It can cause hairs to thicken and reduce the appearance of patchiness or widening hair parting. Minoxidil is helpful for both men and women, and people report high satisfaction after using it.
Apart from the Effective Anti-hair Fall Treatments mentioned above, there are other ways to maintain good and healthy hair. These include a proper lifestyle and balanced diet having proper nutrients. Habits such as smoking are extremely harmful and often cause hair fall. So, lead a healthy lifestyle, eat good and apply the recommended treatments to solve the problem of hair fall!